Project 7.3

How to Make a Natural  Hair Treatment

  1. Wash hair with normal shampoo.
  2. Pat hair dry.
  3. Take an avocado and cut in half. Then mash it up. (can add hydrating ingredients i.e. sour cream, egg yolks, or mayonaise for added moisture.)
  4. Massage the mashed avocado into clean, damp hair.
  5. Leave in for 25-30 minutes. Rinse out and enjoy rejuvinated hair.

Chapter 7 is about science and technology. Technology helps us find easier ways to do everyday tasks. There was science and technology used to figure out that this homemade hair treatment can do the same thing as a store bought chemical treatment for half the price and no chemical damage is done to the hair.



Project 7.3

Project 7.3

How to Extinguish Fires Using Fire Extinguishers


            I wrote these instructions from the knowledge I gained from being a firefighter for sixteen years back in my native Island Jamaica.

Fires are classified in five categories:

  • Class “A” fires involve ordinary combustible materials, example, paper and wood

  • Class “B” fires involve hydrocarbons, Example, gasoline, paints, and propane.

  • Class “C” fires involve electrical initiated fires.


  • Class “D” fires involve burning metals.

  • Class “K” fires involve deep fryers involving cooking oil.


Consequently, extinguishers are classified also, and when putting out a fire, the correct extinguisher must be chosen.

The acronym “PASS” is used when using extinguishers to put out fires.

.P-Pull the pin

AAim extinguisher nozzle at flame interface (area between the fire and whatever is burning)

S-Squeeze Extinguisher trigger.

S-Sweep extinguisher nozzle from side to side.



Continue applying extinguishing media for a brief moment after the fire has been put out, and never turn your back to the fire. Instead, withdraw facing the fire. Flashback can occur. (A spontaneous reigniting of the fire)



Project 4.2

“We’re coming in fast!” screamed the pilot of the C-130 that I flew into Afghanistan on. Little did I know that this would be the beginning of an epic journey in to self reflection for the next 9 months. Afghanistan is regarded by many military people as the world’s backside. In other words, nothing possibly good could inhabit such a hostile area. What I found on my journey there was quite the opposite of what I heard and it all started with a guy named Sparky.

Sparky was what we called a TCN in the military. TCN stands for third country national and it is what we military people call anybody who isn’t American or in the military. I came to know Sparky because I would see him cleaning the hallways of the building I was working in two to three times per week and I would often stop and try to talk with him.  He ended up being the main reason that my outlook on Afghanistan started to change. Just speaking with him, I got a sense of the good people that lived in this country and I realized that they were not all bad.

As I learned more and more about the country, I wanted to explore under less hostile conditions. I would often volunteer to go out on peace keeping missions, just so I could take in the breathtaking mountain views and talk to the locals. I have to say Afghanistan, despite the violence, is one of the most beautiful places that I have ever visited. From the snow capped mountains to the lush green valleys, there were more places to create postcards from than any other place I have been to. Hopefully, in the future when things settle down, I will be able to travel there as a tourist.

Project 7.3

How To Conduct a Warmup For a Military Physical Fitness Test

Step 1: Gather all soldiers that will be participating in the physical fitness test together and put them into a formation.

Step 2: Once the soldiers are formed up into their respective platoons, begin stretching exercise.

Step 3: Start the stretching exercises with the neck rotation. Place both hands on their respective hips and begin to rotate 5 times clockwise and five times counterclockwise.Neck rotation

Step 4: After the neck rotation is complete call the troops to attention.
Step 5: Next stretching exercise will be the arms and shoulder rotation. Instruct soldiers to extend both arms up and out to the sides. Then have soldiers rotate arms forward 5 times clockwise and 5 times counterclockwise.

Arms and shoulder rotStep 6: After the arms and shoulder rotation call the troops to attention.
Step 7: The next exercise will be the ham string stretch standing. Have soldiers lean over as far as possible and try to touch their toes for a count of 10, using the 1000’s method. i.e. one, one thousands, two, one thousand.

Step 8: After the excercise bring soldiers back into attention.

Step 9: The last exercise will be the thigh stretch. Have soldier take their right hand and grab their left foot behind their back and pull upwards in order to properly stretch the thigh  muscle. Do this for a count of 10 , using the 1000’s method.

Step 10: After they have stretched the left thigh, have them repeat the process with the opposite hand and leg.

Congratulations your Army platoon is completely stretched and ready to commence taking the 2 minute push up, 2 minute sit up and 2 mile run physical fitness test.

Chapter 7 is about science and technology and how we often fail to see that there is nothing absolute about science. People continually judge science because of the thought that science is an absolute truth. What they do to understand is that science and some technology is a continuing work, almost like a human being. It is always evolving and what becomes the norm today maybe outdated as soon as tomorrow.

PSA 8.2

In the world today, texting and driving has become a controversial issue. Teenagers as well as adults have become so accustomed to texting while driving. Due to the numerous accidents as well as deaths, the government has put-in-place laws to prevents texting while driving. Individuals will be fined if they are caught texting and driving.

PSA Driving

Online Schools, . N.p.. Web. 12 Dec 2013.            <>.

Project 4.1

Thermo King Repair Facility

On Wednesday November 13, 2013, I arrived at work at 7:00 am. Immediately my boss summoned me to his office.

 “Carlton,” he said, “I want you to take tractor trailer #2 back to the Thermo King Repair Center in Palm Beach to have them correct the repair they had done on the tractor. I paid them too much money only to get partial fixes.”

“Okay, I will leave right away.” I replied.

            As I was about to depart, the thought occurred to me, this would be a good place about which to write my essay. I will do my observations while I am waiting for the repairs to be completed.

            I arrived at the Thermo King facility at 10:15 am, and already the place was a bee hive of activities. The building was a huge two story building, rectangular shaped, constructed of cement and zinc, with an aluminum roof, and painted beige and brown.

                                      (Thermo King Web).

            Rob the manager, who is about 5ft 6ins tall, heavy set, and with a husky voice, greeted me.

 “What are you doing back here?” he asked, with a smile.

“You did not do a good job on the truck; the problems are still there,” I replied.

 “Okay, I will have someone inspect it immediately. Have a seat and make yourself comfortable,” he told me before walking away.

            When he left, I started my observations. On closer scrutiny I noticed that the building had two sections;the right section was used for the administrative area, and that section was two levels. The left section was in fact one level with a high roof, and it was used as the vehicle repair center. This section has four bays, and a vehicle undergoing repairs was parked in each bay. Several uniformly dressed technicians wearing gray trousers and blue shirts were busy performing repairs to the vehicles.

            In bay one, there was a school bus having its a/c system worked on by a tall, slender, middle aged Caucasian man, about 6 feet tall with a scruffy beard, an earring in his left ear, and a tattoo of the crucifixion on his right biceps.

            A Cheney Brothers Trailer was parked in the second bay, having work done to its refrigerated unit by two technicians standing on an elevated platforms with tools in their hands poking and pulling bolts while talking to each other.

            There was another trailer parked in the third bay. The Thermo King unit was completely removed from it, and there were three technicians crouched over what appeared to be an old engine on the floor, and there was a new engine suspended in the air by chains and pulleys next to the trailer.

“This is what we need to do,” said one of the technicians to the others. “We need to remove the compressor from the old unit and attach it to the new engine. This job must be completed today; the customer needs it.”

            “Carlton!” yelled Rob, “park your truck in bay four next to that other truck; Joe is going to inspect and repair it.”

            “Will do, but this time please be thorough. I do not want to return here to have the same problems corrected,” I quipped.

 Joe a shoddily dressed, unpleasant looking older Hispanic man, with shoulder length hair and an un-kept beard, who carries the acrid stench of tobacco with him, asked grouchily, “What is the problem with the truck?”

 I told him that the problem was the same as the last time, and hurriedly left because I could detect that he was not in a good mood.

            As I looked around, I saw that the entire property was filled with vehicles waiting to be repaired; there were trailers, tractors, school buses, straight trucks, and box trucks. To the rear of the property, there were several board crates of different sizes stocked in a corner with the words “Thermo King Unit” written on them. Everyone was busy; the rattling sounds of hand tools, power tools, engines and refrigerated units filled the air, punctuated by the raspy sound of Rob’s voice, issuing instructions to the technicians.    

            I thought to myself, certainly they cannot accept another customer. Just then another truck drove in.

 “Where can I park this truck? The driver asked.

 “Just leave it where it is, we will figure something out later,” Rob responded.

 The driver then proceeded to explain to Rob the problem he was having with the truck, and implored him to have the truck fixed by the end of the week. Rob assured him that it would be fixed on time. The driver then left looking somewhat doubtful. I was even more pessimistic that he would get his truck in time, considering the number of vehicle waiting there to be repaired.

“Carlton, please report to the manager’s office,” a voice said over the public address system.

 When I got there, Rob told me that the problem to my truck had been rectified. He explained that a hose was disconnected, and that they reattached it, and the truck now operates perfectly. I thanked him and left, thinking to myself, this is truly a high paced working environment. I feel for the technicians who work here.  



Work Cited

Thermo King. Thermo King. 2013. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.

Project 7.3


Replacing a Tire on a Car


Secure the vehicle so that it won’t roll and roll the spare tire to the scene of the action.

Use bricks, wooden wedges, or metal wheel chocks to block the wheels at the opposite end of the car from the end that is to be raised.




Jack up the vehicle.

If you have a scissor jack, insert the rod or wrench over the knob, and then crank. If you have a hydraulic jack, place the handle into the appropriate location and pump up and down.




Pry off the wheel cover.

You can use a screwdriver to pry the wheel cover off. Just insert the point of the tool where the edge of the cover meets the wheel, and apply a little leverage. The cap should pop off.




Loosen the lug nuts.

Find the end of the wrench that fits the lug nuts on your vehicle, and fit it onto the first nut. Apply all your weight to the bar on the left. This starts turning the nut counterclockwise, which loosens it. Don’t remove the lug nuts completely; just get them loose enough to remove by hand after jacking up the vehicle


Remove the flat tire.

Take the lug nuts completely off by hand. Grasp the flat tire with both hands and pull it toward you. As you pull the flat off, it should slide along the bolts until it clears the end of the bolts and you find yourself supporting its full weight.


Lift the spare onto the lug bolts.

Because tires are heavy, you may have a little trouble lifting the spare into place — especially if you’re not accustomed to lifting heavy things.


Replace the lug nuts and tighten them by hand.

Give each lug nut a jolt with the wrench to get it firmly into place, but wait until the car is on the ground before you really try to tighten the lug nuts.


Lower the vehicle and tighten the lugnuts.

After the vehicle is resting on the ground, use the lug wrench to tighten the lug nuts as much as you can.


Replace the wheel cover or hubcap.

If your car has wheel covers with a delicate finish, the owner’s manual should provide instructions for replacing it. If your car has hubcaps, place the hubcap against the wheel and whack it into place with the heel of your hand. Cushion your hand with a soft rag first so that you won’t hurt it.

Project 4.5

Jermaine Smith

Professor Record


12 December 2013

 Dunn’s River Falls

The place that I’ve chosen to write about is Dunn’s River falls a famous waterfall near Ocho Rios, Jamaica and a major Caribbean tourist’s attraction that receives thousands of visitors each year. At the bottom of the falls lye’s a plaque that states it was placed by the Jamaican Historical Society in 1967 it engraves “Dunn’s River, near this spot was fought the battle of Las Chorreras in 1657 when the English defeated the Spanish force expeditionary from Cuba.” This place is very significant to me because it traced to where my ethnicity was born which is Jamaica. It is one of the most beautiful aspects of the world and means plenty to me because of the personal values. It is a place which holds memories and a place where great experiences are born. Dunn’s Rivers fall is what Jamaicans holds dear and really is a natural treasure. Dunn’s River Falls makes the list of one of the world’s best waterfalls simply because of the qualities that come with it. It’s an adventurous journey and minor risk-taking life changing experience. Some say it replenishes their spirit and changes their insight on certain things. Dunn’s River Falls is a must see attraction that is more than that, it brings togetherness.


Project 7.3 How to be an Amateur Dog Photographer

1.Find a dog that likes to be photographed and can sit still for a decent amount of time. It can be your dog or a friend’s dog.Rocky

2. Find a camera. The camera can be one on your phone or it can be a regular camera.

camera    camera2

3. Take photos of the dog. When taking photos of the dog try putting the dog in different positions or photograph at different angles.Try different places as well when photographing.

      rocky3            rocky4

4. Dress up the dog (optional) and then take more photos of the dog.


 5. Share your masterpieces with friends and family!

  Chapter 7 is all about science and society. Science is basically explaining what an individual sees. When people want to know more about what they see they conduct experiments. If people did not experiment, half of the stuff found in the world would not be here. Every time something new appears they call it a scientific discovery. People know nothing about the new item so people explore. Exploring can happen in a number of ways but individuals often use the scientific method. Science is explaining your findings to others. This project is telling a person to explain to others about a process that he or she knows well.

I also feel this project is trying to show individuals that they often follow rules and instructions without much thought. It is harder to do something on your own than follow simple instructions. This project in a way is telling us to question what we do and why we do it.

How to make homemade hair dye

Project 7.3

colored hair

1.     Start off with healthy hair. An individual with damaged hair is prone to breakage and damage.

good hair

2.     Use natural hair products prior to starting this treatment. Natural products are products that does not include sulfates, parabens, mineral oil, and any other unnatural products.


3.     Wash and condition your hair on the day of the bleaching process. The washing wash-hairprocess is supposed to eliminate any build up, gunk, and dirt in the hair follicles. Not washing your hair on the day of the bleaching process, can cause the products not to absorb onto the hair shaft.

4.     After washing your hair, pat your hair dry however, allow the hair to be damp. The damper the hair is, the more the product—which is peroxide—will absorb in the hair.

damp hair

5.  Section the hair into 10 sections.

ectioned hair

6. apply 5 oz. of peroxide to each section of hair. Apply the peroxide from the root to the end of the hair. (Warning! Do not apply too much peroxide, this is can cause damages in the hair shaft causing a protein manipulation to hair damaging the structure of it).


7. Once to application process is over, seal your hair with a plastic bag.

bag love

8. After 30 minutes, rinse the hair and allow your hair to air dry

air dry


died hair